Some Folks Do, bass chord accompaniment  tab in C
Lead Sheets
In this lesson we will be showing you how to use piano vocal lead sheets and guitar vocal
lead sheets. Lead sheets have the melody, words and chords. This is all a musician
needs to create their own arrangement of a song. This is all a musician singer needs to
know how to back up their singing with chords.  Most guitarist can work from a piano lead
sheet, or a guitar lead sheet without tab but the guitar tab is useful for teaching you if
you don't read music. The music notation gives you the timing of the melody and the tab
shows you where the notes are on the guitar. The two free guitar lessons. "
Guitar
Basics" and "Music For Guitar" cover reading guitar tab. The chord symbols above the
music can just be the letter symbol or can include a guitar fret diagram for the chord. The
fret diagram will usually be for a simple first position version of the chord. Below are an
example of the a piano and a guitar vocal lead sheet. Notice that the guitar melody is
written one octave higher than the piano melody. Piano music is written on the bass and
treble clefs. Guitar music is moved up an octave and written entirely in the treble clef,
one octave higher than it sounds. The midi samples below the lead sheets were created
directly from the music as written with my music writing software. Notice how though
written an octave apart they sound at exactly the same pitch.
Piano
Guitar
Some Folks Do, Piano, vocal lead sheet in C
Some Folks Do, Guitar vocal lead sheet with tab in C
Guitar Basics
The two free guitar lessons. "Guitar Basics" and "Music For Guitar" cover the many basic
things that you need to know before you begin these the folk guitar lessons. There you
will learn how to read tab, count melody, play chords and how to hold a pick. There is
also a guitar tuner and information and tips on tuning your guitar. You also learn, among
other things, how to find all the natural notes on guitar and how guitar music is written in
musical notation. I highly recommend that you do free guitar lessons 1 and 2 before
starting these free folk guitar lessons.
Playing The Chords
By now you should be familiar enough with the song to sing it. We want to back up our
singing with a guitar chord accompaniment. The music tells us that we will use the tonic
major and the dominant 7th chord. For the key of C major that's C and G7. Looking at
the fret diagrams above notice how the two chords have the same shape. First try the C.
Put all the fingers of the left hand on their proper frets. Your thumb of course is behind
the neck of the guitar and your fingers are arched so that your finger tips are pressing
the strings against the frets. Holding all the notes, play each string to make sure they are
all sounding out. Make sure that the fingers you are pressing against frets are not
touching and killing the vibration of the open strings. Notice on C you don't play the low
e. Actually it is a note that goes with the chord so if you hit it it's no big deal but as a 3rd,
it's not the best bass note so we try not to hit it. Try strumming across all the strings. You
can use a pick or brush with the back of your fingers from low to high. If you have some
fingernail it's even better. Now do for the G7, what you just did for C. Now practice
changing back and forth between the two chords. As you go from C to G7, the 2 and 3
fingers hold the same shape and go to the two lowest strings. The 1 finger goes in the
opposite direction to the first string. To go back to c just reverse your moves. Practice
strumming the chords until you can change smoothly back and forth between the two
chords. Listen to the sound sample below. It goes through the song twice. Sing the
melody to it or play the melody to it on your guitar. That makes you the lead vocal or lead
guitar  Strum along to any of the above lead sheets. Sing and strum. That makes you the
rhythm guitar player backing either your singing or the band.
C chord on the guitar in first position
G7 chord on the guitar in first position
Bass Chord IN C
One thing that the guitar excels at is bass chord accompaniment. The tab below shows
how to do it. You can play the bass with your thumb and then brush the chord part with
the back of your fingers. You can also just use the pick for the bass and then the chord
but jumping from the bass to the chord and back with the pick is a bit harder. On the C
chord you have to move your third finger back and forth between the c and g bass. On
the G7 chord the bases are available without moving any fingers. The bases are played
in reverse on the G7 chord first d and then g to avoid playing g twice in a row. You will
notice that the tab doesn't show every note in the chord. If you just played the notes it
shows it sounds great but I would recommend fingering every note in the chord. It gives
you good practice in playing the whole chord and if you accidentally strike an extra
string, you won't be playing a note that doesn't belong. This is almost surely going to
happen with the 2nd fret 4th string note for the C chord. It is less apt to happen with the
lower strings. This is good because you don't want to sound the open 5th string A when
you play the 6th string G bass on the C chord. One way to make sure that the 5th string
doesn't sound is to slant your finger a bit instead of arching to come strait in on the 6th
string G bass. In this way your finger will touch the 5th string preventing it from sounding.
Good guitar chord playing technique requires learning hor\w the position your fingers to
sound out the strings you want to sound and damp the strings you don't want to sound.
Study the tab. Listen to the sound sample. Practice the bass chord example until you can
play it smoothly. Listen to the sound sample below. It goes through the song twice. Sing
the melody to it or play the melody to it on your guitar. That makes you the lead vocal or
lead guitar  Play the bass chords to any of the above lead sheets or sing and play them.
That makes you the rhythm guitar player backing either your singing or the band.
Bass Chord Accompaniment
Melody And Chords
In the free folk guitar lesson 2, "Finger Picking Folk Guitar"  we will see how we can play
melody and chords at the same time on the guitar. This is easy on a keyboard but a real
challenge on a guitar. That's why in rock band with guitars you have one guitar player
playing lead while the other plays rhythm. We will be exploring all of that in future
lessons. But an accomplished guitarist can play melody with accompaniment. For a real
challenge go to the finger picking lesson and see if you can master this style of playing.
©2008
Playing Folk Guitar
Piano Vocal Lead Sheet
Guitar Vocal Lead Sheet With Tab
Bass Chord Accompaniment
Now Playing
Guitar Folk Music Keys
Folk guitar players like to play in first or open position guitar using open strings. On
guitar these are the sharp keys. Even though we will include the key of C with all
natural notes, when we get to three chord songs the third chord F is a fully fingered
bar chord. The most favored keys are G, D and A. The key of E can be included
for finger picking blues styles.  This arrangement of "Some Folks Do" starts in key
of C. Then it goes up to the key that is the letter name of the fifth note of it's scale
and does this for each key and scale. This is called a cycle of fifths. Each key in
the cycle has one more sharp, one for G, two for D and three for A. The next key in
the cycle is E with four sharps but we don't play the song in this key. We will learn
to accompany and sing this song in the folk keys of C, G, D and A. That means we
will have to learn the I and V7 chord for these four keys. Notice how we use the
chords for the next key without melody to make the change from key to key. The
song will play once. Click on the player below to activate it and then on play to hear
it again.
Using The Lessons
People that come to these pages through search engines enter on different pages. I
would recommend that to get the full benefit of these free music lessons, especially if you
are a beginner,  you visit every page at least once. This is a totally new approach to
learning music. The focus is on "
How Music Works". That page that you miss could be
the one that contains the key information, that you need. These pages are full of music
tips and music info that you probably won't find anywhere else.
click on to activate
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guitar sharps on first three strings for first position chords
Folk Guitar Keys
Folk guitar singers favor first position open string guitar chords. The best folk keys are G
with one sharp, D with two sharps A with three sharps. The key of E with four sharps also
has first position chords with open strings. It is a good folk blues key. I will cover it in a
future lesson. All other keys use movable chords, including bar chords. Even the key of
C, the easiest piano key, with all natural notes is a problem. It's fine for a two chord song
like "Some Folks Do". The I and V7 chords, C and G7, are easy first position open
chords. However the IV chord for the key of C, F major is a fully fingered bar chord with
no open strings. We have shown it below. It's a type of chord we will want to learn but not
right away. We are going to learn to play the chords for the three folk keys of G, D and
A. Where are the sharps on the guitar. They are one fret higher than the natural note.
The ones we need for this lessons are shown on the fret diagram below. They of course
can also be found on the three low strings but we won't need to learn them now. We are
using the low strings for the root and fifth bass note of our chords. The sharps are all on
thirds of the chords. As we learn the folk guitar keys, notice how five becomes a very
important number. The next key after C is G. It is the fifth note in the C scale. It has one
more sharp than the key of C. The next key will be D, the same letter as the fifth note in
the G scale. It has one more sharp than the key of G. The next key will be A, the same
letter name as the fifth note in the D scale. It has one more sharp than the key of D. It is
important to understand the many numerical relationships in music. Our first folk song
"some Folks Do" is a two chord song and only needs the I and V7 chord of each key. But
as we learn the I and V7 chord for each key we are going to get a bonus. In the cycle of
keys C, G, D, and A, the IV chord of each key is the major of the key that precedes it in
the cycle. So as we learn the I and V7 chords for these keys to play a two chord song, we
will also have learned the IV chord that we will need when we play a three chord song.  
Guitar Chords
A chord can be formed on every note or degree of the scale. Most important are the
chords formed on the first, fourth and fifth degree of the scale. We call these the I, IV and
V7 or one, four and five seven chords. They are also called tonic major, sub-dominant
major and dominant seventh chords. The chords are spelled out by starting with the first
note as the name of the chord and taking every other note. The I and IV chords are
major and in their basic form only use three notes. These notes are also numbered
being called the root, 3rd and 5th. Built on the first note of the scale, the tonic major in
the key of C is C major with the notes c-e-g . Built on the fourth note of the scale, the
sub-dominant major in the key of C is F major with the notes f-a-c.  The note on the fifth
note of the scale is a different type of chord. It is called the dominant seventh. In the key
of C, it is G7 with the notes g-b-d-f. So this chord would have a root, 3rd, 5th and 7th.
Many songs, like the song that we are using in this lesson "Some Folks Do" use only two
chords, the tonic major and dominant 7th. We call this a I, V7 song. Many more use three
chords, the tonic major, the sub-dominant major and the dominant 7th. We call these I,
IV, V7 songs. Folk singers like first position chords with open strings. That leaves out all
the flat keys, including the key of F. That also gives us a problem with the key of C as the
IV chord F is a fully fingered bar chord. I am going to show you that chord below along
with the I and V7 for the key of C. You won't need it right now but eventually you will have
to learn it. Any chord that covers all the strings with no open strings is a movable chord.
Vocal range of the voice types on treble and bass clefs
Vocal Range
Folk music is mostly about singing so I am going to teach you about the one of the most
important things that you need to know as a singer, the vocal range of human voices.
The picture below shows the range of the classical classifications of the human voice.
Even though we are not trying to be opera singers, the classifications are a good guide
for us to use to find our own range and to write music for others. You will notice that all
the female voices are mostly in the treble clef and all the male voices are mostly in the
bass clef. All melody is written in the treble clef. That means that while women are singing
the exact pitch of the melody men are often singing it an octave lower than written.
Remember, as explained above, that notes on ledger lines above middle c on the bass
clef duplicate treble clef notes and notes on ledger lines below middle c on the treble clef
duplicate bass clef notes. So for male voices only the bass voice is entirely in the bass
clef. A baritone should be able to sing up to e on the bottom line of the treble clef and a
tenor should be able to sing up to a in the second space of the treble clef. For female
voices only the soprano is completely in the treble clef. The mezzo-soprano can sing
down to a on the top line of the bass clef and the contralto can sing down to f on the
fourth line of the bass clef.  Some singers, even though basically one type of voice can
exceed it's normal range . Others might have trouble covering the total range for their
type of voice. Practice can help, but you are still somewhat limited by what you were born
with. Being able to change keys to fit your vocal range is important. I will be showing you
how to do this in this lesson.
the names of notes on the bass and treble grand staff
The Bass And Treble Clef
If we want to understand the range of instruments and voices,
we need to understand the bass and treble clef notation. The
natural notes as shown to the left on the bass and treble clef
cover the complete range of musical pitches. The c one ledger
line above the bass staff and the c one ledger line below the
treble staff are the same note, middle c. Any notes shown on
ledger lines above middle c on a bass clef are actually
duplicates of treble clef notes. Any notes shown on ledger lines
below middle c on a treble clef are actually duplicates of bass
clef notes. We will see this when we study vocal ranges below.
F chord on the guitar in first position
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Strumming The Chords
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I
IV
V7
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There are three supplementary lessons, which are a part of this lessons. They
teach you how to play the melody and chords for "Some Folks Do" in the three
folk keys of G, D, and A. Click on the links below to gain access.
                                
Some Folks Do For Guitar In G
                                Some Folks Do For Guitar In D
                                Some Folks Do For Guitar In A